Plum is about the size of an average sized tomato, measuring about 5-6 cm in diameter and weigh about 50-70 g. It has central umbilicated depression at the stem end. Internally, its pulp is juicy, succulent and varies widely from creamy yellow, crimson, light-blue or light-green in color depending upon the cultivar type.
Plums have a sweet and tart taste with a pleasant aroma. They are rich in minerals, carbohydrates, sugar, amino acids, vitamins, sodium, soluble as well as insoluble dietary fiber, fatty acids, and many others.
Health Benefits of Plum Fruits for human body is very amazing, especially for preventing cancer. You call it plum when it is fresh, and you call it prune when it is dried, but both of them are full of nutrients.
1. Help In Weight loss
If you’re looking for a snack to help manage your weight, look no further than plums. They’re low in calories and sweet so you won’t be left craving desserts and other sugary options. Also, because plums help you stay regular, they can remove waste which may be lingering in your colon, a further aid to weight loss.
2. Fights Cancer Cells
Some studies have connected the plum to the prevention of cancer, especially breast, gastrointestinal and respiratory tract cancer. Anthocyanins, which are reddish blue pigments in this fruit, protect against cancer by mopping the free radicals. Vitamin A found in plums is also known to protect from oral and cavity cancer. Plums are particularly good in preventing breast cancer. The antioxidant power of plums and their phytonutrients cease the development of the breast cancer cells without killing the healthy cells.
3. Improves Blood Circulation
Plum and prunes have the increased ability to absorb iron in the body . This ability is due to the high vitamin C content in this fruit. The iron in the plum is highly required for the formation of red blood cells. It improves the blood circulation in the body and prevents anemia.
4. Helps In Digestion
Plums are a good source of dietary fiber and help to regulate the digestive system. Dried plums, or prunes, in particular are more effective in aiding digestive disorders like constipation . This is because plums have both soluble and insoluble fiber.
Soluble fiber, which is found in the pulp of a plum, dissolves into a gluey mass. This mass traps fats and sugars, bacteria and toxins, and helps move them out of the body. It breaks down carbohydrates, lowers bad cholesterol levels and improves cardiovascular health.
Insoluble fiber, found in the skin of a plum, doesn’t dissolve. Its stiff components scrub the digestive tract lining — removing mucoid plaque, trapped toxins and other material. Thus, plum benefits include being one of the best natural constipation remedies, promoting bowel regulation and steady blood sugar.
5. They Low Your Blood Sugar
Plums have properties that may help with blood sugar control.
Despite being fairly high in carbs, plums and prunes do not appear to cause a substantial rise in blood sugar levels after they’re eaten. This is attributed to their potential to increase levels of adiponectin, a hormone that plays a role in blood sugar regulation .
Additionally, the fiber in plums may be partly responsible for their effects on blood sugar. Fiber slows the rate at which your body absorbs carbs after a meal, causing blood sugar to rise gradually, rather than spike .
What’s more, consuming fruits like plums and prunes is associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes .
6. Rejuvenates and cleanses the skin
Containing vitamin C and antioxidants, plum is a great skin cleanser. Plum extracts are often used as an ingredient in face washes and bubble baths as it helps lighten the scars. It also contributes to the development of new skin by increasing the blood flow.